First-principles molecular dynamics simulations of liquid water and lithium

  • [2019-03-26]
    Speaker:Prof. CHEN Mohan
    Center for Applied Physics and Technology, College of Engineering, Peking University
    Time:2019-03-29 15:00
    Place:ROOM 9004, Hefei National Laboratory Building

    Detail:

    Abstract:
      We perform first-principles molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on liquid water and lithium based on Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KSDFT) and orbital-free density functional theory (OFDFT), respectively. Water is of the utmost importance for life and technology. However, a genuinely predictive ab initio model of water has eluded scientists. We demonstrate that a fully ab initio approach, relying on the SCAN functional, provides such a description of water. Additionally, we will briefly introduce our recent work on deep learning of water models. Furthermore, we model the hydrated water ions (hydronium and hydroxide) with corrections for nonlocal van der Waals interactions and self-interaction in the electronic ground state. We provide theoretical explanations to why hydronium diffuses faster than hydroxide, which has been a puzzle for over two centuries. Liquid lithium (Li) attracts scientific interest due to its substantial advantages in being a plasma-facing component. We accurately predict the melting point of Li; diffusivities and viscosities of liquid Li are also obtained. In addition, we develop algorithms to enable peta-scale computations of OFDFT in efficiently modeling systems consisting of more than one million atoms. 

    Biosketch: 
      Dr. Mohan Chen obtained his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in the Department of Physics at the University of Science and Technology of China in 2007 and 2012, respectively. After that he joined the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering department at Princeton University as a postdoc from 2012 to 2016 and became a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Physics at Temple University from 2016 to 2018. Dr. Chen joined Peking University on Nov. 2018. His current research mainly focuses on developing predictive computational algorithms within the framework of both Kohn-Sham and orbital-free density functional theories, and applying them to study a variety of materials.

    Organizer:Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale


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