"Three of the most important leaders and scientists in fusion history": Prof. O. Motojima, director-general of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) IO, Dr. Tony Taylor, director of General Atomics(GA), and Dr. Michael Zarnstorff, vice president of Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) gave scientific reports for the Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Fusion Energy and Plasma Science (CIC-AFEPS) in Waterbone Lecture Hall, USTC on Mar 26.
The lectures are concerned with progress and breakthroughs in ITER, NSTX, DIII-D and EAST. Motojima introduced the challenges of plasma physics and technology goal of ITER through the construction process. Besides the newest information of fusion energy frontiers, Motojima also talked about basic plasma physics for beginners and shared an interesting video about the installation of giant components in ITER, the largest human engineering project. Dr. M Zarnstorff talked about the recent contributions of PPPL, as an organization participating in and responsible for ITER contruction, has made to plasma physics including improvement in power exhaust by adjusting magnetic field shape, substantial progress in disruption warning signal and confinement improvement due to lithium wall coating. Dr. T Taylor described DIII-D as both an outstanding group and and flexible facility. DIII-D is advancing physics basis for fusion energy development and aims to establish scientific basis for the optimization of the Tokmak approach to fusion energy. Research thrusts DIII-D has made amazed the audience and resulted in a heated discussion after the report. Domestic experts Prof. B. N. Wan and Prof. X.R. Duan also gave presentations about the contribution, current status on fusion research and needs for talents in ASIPP (Institute of Plasma Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences) and SWIP (Southwest Institute of Physics) respectively.LI Jiangang, director of ASIPP and vice president of USTC, introduced the mission, progress and future plan of CFETR (China Fusion Experiment Test Reactor). Future of CFETR, a facility to bridge the gap between ITER and DEMO (DEMOnstration Power Plant), attracted the foreign experts greatly and they inquired about it in details.
The whole 6 presentations are such excellent academic reports that not only the interested students from USTC but also the host WAN Yuanxi, president of School of Nuclear Science and Technology(SNST), USTC and chair of ITER council shared heated discussions with the lecturers. Besides, the reports enhance the cooperation among the members of CIC-AFEPS. All the lecturers express their needs for collaboration and encourage young scientists to participate. While talking about the low occupancy of Chinese scientists, Motojima encourages students from USTC to join in ITER construction. He said the staff number of ITER will increase greatly after completing construction and beginning operation. The Council, IAC (International Advisory Committee) and STC (Science and Technology Committee) members of CIC-AFEPS members agreed on many personnel training plans in the meeting held on Mar 25th before this conference. WAN Yuanxi revealed that USTC students from SNST and School of Physics Science can apply directly to their school deans for training and education opportunities in any of the organizations like ITER, PPPL and DIII-D. Increasingly heated fusion development requires high cooperation and thus creates opportunities to young researchers.
In fact, USTC has always been playing a significant and initiative role in maintaining the cooperation for fusion energy development. In December of 2011, “ITER Training Forum” was unveiled in USTC and Prof. Motojima was awarded as an honorary professor of USTC. In August of 2012, USTC held the signing ceremony of cooperation on fusion energy among USTC, PPPL and ASIPP. HOU Jianguo, Stewart Prager, director of PPPL and LI Jiangang, director of ASIPP signed the cooperation agreement to establish the CIC-AFEPS.
(MIAO Jilan, YANG Yating, USTC News Center)